Since its total weight is distributed over more axles, a long truck is less damaging to the road infrastructure than a conventional truck. While a standard truck has a maximum of five axles, a long truck usually has seven or eight – which results in a more favorable load distribution. Thus, long trucks do not increase the need for road maintenance.
A long truck also has a shorter braking distance than a conventional truck. As the total permissible weight remains unchanged, there is no extra weight that has to be brought to a standstill. On the contrary, the braking force can be applied to more axles. Furthermore, these vehicles are also equipped with the same active and passive safety features as their conventional counterparts: Lane departure warnings, proximity control, emergency brake assistants, etc. are mandatory in today’s trucks.
It is often argued that long trucks cannot be used within the existing infrastructure, but these vehicles are specially designed to cope with it. This can be seen, for example, in highway construction areas, which long trucks can navigate without any problems. Long trucks are also extremely steerable when maneuvering, reversing, or docking at loading bays. This makes them suitable for terminals, ports, and train stations where goods are transferred from one mode of transport to another. Long trucks are mainly used on the autobahn, where they can be just as easily overtaken as ordinary trucks.